Industry Innovation and Infrastructure

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

This goal addresses multiple approaches which include developing quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure; promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization; increasing access to financial services; upgrading infrastructure and retrofitting industries to make them sustainable; enhancing scientific research; facilitating sustainable and resilient infrastructure development; supporting domestic technology development, research and innovation; and, increasing access to information and communications technology.

Source: | This word cloud was created using publications from Penn State researchers

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    Research Units

Targets & Indicators

Target 9.1: Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all
  • Indicator 9.1.1: Proportion of the rural population who live within 2 km of an all-season road
  • Indicator 9.1.2: Passenger and freight volumes, by mode of transport
Target 9.2: Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries
  • Indicator 9.2.1: Manufacturing value added as a proportion of GDP and per capita
  • Indicator 9.2.2: Manufacturing employment as a proportion of total employment
Target 9.3: Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets
  • Indicator 9.3.1: Proportion of small-scale industries in total industry value added
  • Indicator 9.3.2: Proportion of small-scale industries with a loan or line of credit  See metadata :  
Target 9.4: By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
  • Indicator 9.4.1: CO2 emission per unit of value added
Target 9.5: Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending
  • Indicator 9.5.1: Research and development expenditure as a proportion of GDP
  • Indicator 9.5.2: Researchers (in full-time equivalent) per million inhabitants
Target 9.a: Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
  • Indicator 9.a.1: Total official international support (official development assistance plus other official flows) to infrastructure
Target 9.b: Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities
  • Indicator 9.b.1: Proportion of medium and high-tech industry value added in total value added
Target 9.c: Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020
  • Indicator 9.c.1: Proportion of population covered by a mobile network, by technology