Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies, access to justice, and effective, accountable and inclusive institutions for all

This goal focuses on social, economic, and governance targets, including: reducing all forms of violence and end abuse, exploitation, trafficking; ensuring equal access to justice; promoting and enforcing non-discriminatory laws and policies; reducing illicit financial and arms flows; combating organized crime; reducing corruption and bribery; developing effective, accountable and transparent institutions; and, broadening and strengthening developing countries’ participation in global governance. Learn more about this goal in the Targets & Indicators section below.

Source: | This word cloud was created using publications from Penn State researchers

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Targets & Indicators

Target 16.1: Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
  • Indicator 16.1.1: Number of victims of intentional homicide per 100,000 population, by sex and age
  • Indicator 16.1.2: Conflict-related deaths per 100,000 population, by sex, age and cause  
  • Indicator 16.1.3: Proportion of population subjected to (a) physical violence, (b) psychological violence and (c) sexual violence in the previous 12 months  
  • Indicator 16.1.4: Proportion of population that feel safe walking alone around the area they live after dark  
Target 16.2: End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children
  • Indicator 16.2.1: Proportion of children aged 1–17 years who experienced any physical punishment and/or psychological aggression by caregivers in the past month
  • Indicator 16.2.2: Number of victims of human trafficking per 100,000 population, by sex, age and form of exploitation
  • Indicator 16.2.3: Proportion of young women and men aged 18–29 years who experienced sexual violence by age 18
Target 16.3: Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all
  • Indicator 16.3.1: Proportion of victims of violence in the previous 12 months who reported their victimization to competent authorities or other officially recognized conflict resolution mechanisms 
  • Indicator 16.3.2: Unsentenced detainees as a proportion of overall prison population
  • Indicator 16.3.3: Proportion of the population who have experienced a dispute in the past two years and who accessed a formal or informal dispute resolution mechanism, by type of mechanism
Target 16.4: By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime
  • Indicator 16.4.1: Total value of inward and outward illicit financial flows (in current United States dollars)
  • Indicator 16.4.2: Proportion of seized, found or surrendered arms whose illicit origin or context has been traced or established by a competent authority in line with international instruments  
Target 16.5: Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms
  • Indicator 16.5.1: Proportion of persons who had at least one contact with a public official and who paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials, during the previous 12 months 
  • Indicator 16.5.2: Proportion of businesses that had at least one contact with a public official and that paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials during the previous 12 months
Target 16.6: Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
  • Indicator 16.6.1: Primary government expenditures as a proportion of original approved budget, by sector (or by budget codes or similar)  
  • Indicator 16.6.2: Proportion of population satisfied with their last experience of public services  
Target 16.7: Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
  • Indicator 16.7.1: Proportions of positions in national and local institutions, including (a) the legislatures; (b) the public service; and (c) the judiciary, compared to national distributions, by sex, age, persons with disabilities and population groups 
  • Indicator 16.7.2: Proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group  
Target 16.8: Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance
  • Indicator 16.8.1: Proportion of members and voting rights of developing countries in international organizations
Target 16.9: By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration
  • Indicator 16.9.1: Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority, by age
Target 16.10: Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements
  • Indicator 16.10.1: Number of verified cases of killing, kidnapping, enforced disappearance, arbitrary detention and torture of journalists, associated media personnel, trade unionists and human rights advocates in the previous 12 months
  • Indicator 16.10.2: Number of countries that adopt and implement constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information
Target 16.a: Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime
  • Indicator 16.a.1: Existence of independent national human rights institutions in compliance with the Paris Principles
Target 16.b: Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development
    • Indicator 16.b.1: Proportion of population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed in the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law